amur falcon migration duration
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The Amur Falcon is a fascinating migratory raptor. On his way to school this October, 13-year-old Seiminlen saw a ngeikang.He told the school’s eco-club that the first Amur falcon of the season had been spotted. , During migration they stay in open forest or grasslands, roosting colonially on exposed perches or wires. In 2012, mass trapping and capture of migrating Amur falcons in Nagaland (India) was reported in the media and a successful campaign was begun to prevent their killing. The rains in Africa produce swarms of termites, locusts, ants and beetles that provide ample food. The Amur Falcon is a fascinating migratory raptor. Northeast: Amur Falcon Mega Migration and More. Amur falcons travel up to 22,000 km in a year, this being one of the longest migration routes of all birds The Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis) is a complete, long distance, trans-equatorial migrant. During their migration from their breeding area to the winter quarters, they are plump and are hunted for food in parts of northeastern India as well as in eastern Africa. The young birds leave the nest after about a month. Sir — Given that World Migratory Birds Day was just a few days ago, it was fitting to read that, according to the findings of the Wildlife Institute of India, Amur falcons — the long-distance migratory birds that are known to have one of the longest migration routes, covering around 22,000 kilometres — have started arriving here. ; The raptors breed in southeastern Siberia and northern China, and migrate in millions across India and then over the Indian Ocean to southern Africa before returning to Mongolia and Siberia. To fuel up for their big open-water crossing, Amur Falcons stop over in Nagaland to feast on a seasonal eruption of trillions of termites from their underground colonies. This is a lifetime experience. Wink, Michael; Seibold, I.; Lotfikhah, F. & Bednarek, W. (1998): Molecular systematics of holarctic raptors (Order Falconiformes), "Phylogeny of the Falconidae inferred from molecular and morphological data", "Passage records of Amur Falcon Falco amurensis from SE Asia and southern Africa including first records from Ethiopia", "Do dragonflies migrate across the western Indian Ocean? The Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis) is a trans-equatorial, long-distance migrant that moves from its breeding grounds in Mongolia, the south Russian Far East, northeast China and North Korea, all the way to its wintering grounds in southern Africa and back, every year! The story of the incredible Amur Falcon migration stopover in Nagaland, India, broke to international news in 2012. Naga, Pangati and Wokha. They migrate in a broad front through India and Sri Lanka, sometimes further east over Thailand and Cambodia and then over the Arabian Sea, sometimes in passage on the Maldives and other islands to reach southern Africa. The Amur Falcon’s arrival has sparked excitement and joy within these communities, who not long ago, were hunting the species. This prompted a swift response from the Indian Government and the Nagaland Forest Department, which used patrols and education initiatives for villagers as a means to halt trapping. Nonetheless, it is the red-footed falcon's closest relative; their relationship to other falcons is more enigmatic. It is believed to be possibly the biggest falcon roosts in the world.  Their migration over the Arabian Sea coincides with the timing of the migration of dragonflies (Pantala flavescens) and these are thought to provide food during the most arduous part of their migration route. In 10 days spanning the peak migration season, this amounted to a staggering 120,000 to 140,000 Amur falcons slaughtered around the Doyang reservoir alone. Amur Falcons Nagaland Expedition by Bruce Evans - Duration: 1:26. Birds going over India are thought to be aided by strong winds blowing westward. ", "Louse (Insecta: Phthiraptera) infestations of the Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis) and the Red-footed Falcon", "Safe Passage For Amur Falcons Through India", How to make 2.5 billion termites disappear? Amur falcon feeding mechanism : The Amur falcons feed mostly on insects, mainly mid-air. Up to a million Amur Falcon come through this area in a 10-day period each year. For birds who travel such great distance to survive, anything … Visit one of India’s least-explored corners at its easternmost extension near the Myanmar border. Duration 0:58:46 Seminar Series. , The genus name Falco is Late Latin and derives from falx, falcis, a sickle, referencing the claws of the bird. So far it has radio-tagged about 15 Amur falcons to study migration pathways and environmental patterns. The … Map courtesy of IUCN, BirdLife International and the Handbook of Birds of the World 2016, This site is maintained by the UNEP/CMS Secretariat and UNEP/AEWA Secretariat © 2006 - 2019 Disclaimer | Impressum It was a jaw-dropping tale, with reports of over 100,000 birds seen at a time at the newly created Doyang Reservoir. Breeds in South-east Russia and northern China. This stage of their migration is the most amazing for me; an Amur Falcon will leave the east coast of Africa and fly non-stop, covering almost 3000km over the Indian Ocean in roughly 60 hours. Migration and Poaching . They migrate in a broad front through India and Sri Lanka, sometimes further east over Thailand and Cambodia and then over the Arabian Sea, sometimes in passage on the Maldives and other islands to reach southern Africa. They undertake the longest regular over-water migration of any bird of prey, crossing over the Indian Ocean between western India and tropical east Africa, a journey of more than 4,000 km. Flying thousands of kilometres from their breeding grounds in northern China and eastern Mongolia, nearly a million Amur falcons - a small grey bird of prey - regularly descend across northeast India for nearly a month in October, to feed and rest before continuing their journey to southern Africa. Amur Falcons migrate from breeding grounds in eastern Asia to wintering grounds in southern Africa. Abandoned nest platforms belonging to birds of prey or corvids and even tree hollows are re-used for nesting. It undertakes a migration journey from this region all the way to Southern Africa where they spend the winter and then returns to Siberia. Language: English Birds going over India are thought to be aided by strong winds blowing westward. (+49 228) 815 2454, Fax. Amur falcons, capable of flying the longest distances in one go, have begun to arrive in Manipur’s Tamenglong district following their routine annual migration course, officials said on Thursday. During their migration, they stop to rest and feed in parts of northeast India. They’re a largely insectivorous falcon. Amur falcons, the world’s longest travelling raptors start travelling with the onset of winters. A case for protecting the Amur falcon, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amur_falcon&oldid=963726860, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 June 2020, at 13:03. It is supposed that the falcons cross the Arabian Sea during their migration, but much is still unknown about the patterns of their estimated 22,000 km migration. The Amur falcon breeds in east Asia from the Transbaikalia, Amurland, and northern Mongolian region to parts of North Korea. With the beginning of winter Amur Falcons (Falco Amurensis) flock in large numbers across northeast India, which acts as a stop-over ground in the bird’s annual migration path. In 2013, no falcons were trapped. In flight, the wing lining is white, contrasting with the dark wing feathers. The Amur falcon was long considered a subspecies or morph of the red-footed falcon, but it is nowadays considered distinct. NEW FLYER - English French Spanish NEW QUIZ - English French Spanish. , The Amur falcon feeds mainly late in the evening or early in the morning capturing a wide range of insects in the air or on the ground. Migration trail The long distance trans-equitorial migrant species sets out for the lengthy flight from north-eastern Siberia.  The route taken to return to their breeding grounds runs slightly more northward. Witness the spectacular migration of Amur Falcons in Nagaland as they arrive end of October till early November in thousands from Sibera & northern China before taking off for Africa. Be a part of this amazing conservation story. The flocking behaviour during migration and the density at which they occur, however, expose them to hunting and other threats. Chris Emerick Recommended for you. These winds are strong at an altitude of about 3000m and the birds are thought to fl… Every year thousands of Amur falcons descend upon this remote corner of Nagaland. New Delhi: Flying thousands of kilometres from their breeding grounds in northern China and eastern Mongolia, nearly a million Amur falcons, a small grey bird of prey, regularly descend across northeast India for nearly a month in October to feed and rest before continuing their journey to southern Africa. Nagaland is India’s most remote state, opened only recently to outsiders. These winds are strong at an altitude of about 3000m and the birds are thought to fly at a height of above 1000m during migration. The migration route also coincides with the migration of dragonfly which is the food source for Amur Falcon mid-air during the arduous journey.  As part of this campaign, three birds were fitted with 5 gm satellite transmitters that allowed them to be tracked during their migration..  Their breeding habitat is open wooded country with marshes. Also, there may be some superficial resemblance to the sooty falcon and the grey kestrel, but those two species both have yellow feet and cere. He said they were captured and tagged on October 1, 2019, at Puching village, some 100 km from the state capital Imphal, in Tamenglong district. , The wide breeding range and large population size of the Amur falcon have led to the species being assessed as being of least concern. Juveniles can be confused only with those of the red-footed falcon, but lack the buffy underwing coverts. The Amur Falcons are birds of prey, about 28-31cm and weigh around 100 grams. Feeds on dragonflies that follow a similar migration path over Arabian Sea. Another satellite-tagged female Amur falcon named ‘Longleng’ released on October 30, 2016 from Nagaland, has been sending messages at regular intervals even now. The Amur Falcon exemplifies the threat of illegal trapping and killing during migration, which harms countless bird species each year. (+49 228) 815 2454, Fax. Amur falcons are known to cover one of the longest migration routes among all birds. The Amur falcon has a large range with a stable population and is noteworthy for undertaking one of the most arduous annual migrations of any bird of prey. In Africa, males can be confused with melanistic Gabar goshawks, but the chestnut on the vent is distinctive. Because of its tendency to wander long distances over the ocean while migrating, this falcon has been found in locations far outside its normal range, such as in Italy, Sweden, Tristan da Cunha, St. Helena and the United Kingdom. They capture most of their prey in flight, sometimes by hovering, but will also pick prey by alighting on the ground. Amur falcons are known to have among the longest migration routes, covering 22,000km. 3:25. Every year, the small, resilient birds make the daring voyage from breeding grounds in Russia and China to winter in southern Africa. In 2012 an estimated 120,000 to 140,000 birds were trapped in nets and killed while passing through a remote part of the Indian Nagaland region. , The Amur falcon breeds in east Asia from the Transbaikalia, Amurland, and northern Mongolian region to parts of North Korea. Two satellite-tagged Amur Falcons have been tracked on their migration route, clocking up some 29,000 km in the process. Migrates west through India and across the Arabian Sea to Southern Africa. Three or four eggs are laid (at two day intervals). 22,000 km journey (longest sea crossing of any raptor), Flyway: East-Asian Australasian and African Eurasian, Population of more than 1,000,000 breeding individuals. Cover the key birding sites in the Khonoma area, the Naga Hills and foothills of the Patkai range on our three-center tour. One of the birds, a female named Irang, flew more than 29,000 km while the other, a male called Chiulon, …  The species name amurensis is from Amurland in south-eastern Siberia. He mentions that Nagaland is known for million Amur falcons coming to the state each year and that is why it is also known as the Amur faclon capital of the world. The average speed The Amur falcon is protected under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Amur Falcons are a little bit a little bit smaller, excuse me a little bit bigger than an American Kestrel. Along the way, they fly 2,400 miles across the Indian Ocean. The Amur Falcon has one of the longest raptor migrations, but is also unique because it supposedly flies a long distance over the sea. Adult males of the closely related red-footed falcon have a dark grey wing lining. Their migration to Africa coincides with the time when due to rains swarm of insects will be everywhere, making South Africa a great feeding ground. It breeds in south-eastern Siberia and Northern China before migrating in large flocks across India and over the Arabian Sea to winter in Southern Africa, Males are characteristically dark sooty grey above with rufous thighs and vent. Every year, huge flocks of them fly south, from North China, Siberia and Russia (where they breed) to southern Africa for the winter.  Females can be more difficult to identify as they share a pattern common to many falcons, but are distinctive in having an orange eye-ring, a red cere and reddish orange feet. Using monsoon winds for flight: The bird is also known to have adapted and follow the north-east monsoon tailwinds which blow … Observe the largest single raptor species migration in the world. Both parents take turns to incubate and feed the chicks which hatch after about a month. The breeding season is May to June and several pairs may nest close together. They appear morphologically somewhat intermediate between kestrels and hobbies and DNA sequence data has been unable to further resolve this question, mainly due to lack of comprehensive sampling. They returned to the same spot where they had arrived on their south-bound autumn passage. Naga started his return migration on March 21 from Botswana, while Pangti started on April 3 from South Africa and within a span of 16 and 20 days both the birds arrived in Somalia. , The Amur falcon hosts three species of lice, Degeeriella rufa, Colpocephalum subzerafae, and Laembothrion tinnunculi. Because of the long journey, stopover sites are important for Amur Falcons to maintain stamina. Sheltered by hills that are steep and surrounded by water, the falcons roost here for about a month, foraging on insects, and building their body mass so they can fly across the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean into Africa. (+49 228) 815 2450 |. It is supposed that the falcons cross the Arabian Sea during their migration, but much is still unknown about the patterns of their estimated 22,000 km migration.  The winter diet appears to be almost entirely made up of insects but they take small birds, mammals  and amphibians to feed their young in their breeding range. Feeds on dragonflies that follow a similar migration path over Arabian Sea ) Act, 1972 birds of prey corvids. ( at two day intervals ) ] the route taken to return to their breeding in... Species sets out for the lengthy flight from north-eastern Siberia out for the lengthy from! 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